What is real estate law?
Buying a property is generally the biggest investment everyone will ever make, even though you hire a realtor in the property buying process for transaction negotiations.
However, to complete the legal process of buying a property, people usually need to hire a real estate lawyer for guidance through law.
The law defines the legal processes in matters related to buying or selling property. It covers everything from transactions to real estate disputes between parties. Let’s get to know more about law below:
An insight into what is real estate law?
Laws are the rules and regulations that administer land and structures. Real estate law impacts home buyers, landlords, sellers, renters, or anyone else who utilizes a real estate property directly or indirectly.
A wide range of federal and state real estate laws exist out there. However, federal laws more often take precedence over local laws.
What does real estate law govern?
Essentially, every law defines:
- Who can use a real estate property?
- How can you use a real estate property?
- Real estate law doesn’t only consider finance contracts. Also, it encompasses the actual property sale.
Moreover, laws also govern structures used on any land. It also administers how and who will use below land materials of any real estate.
Areas real estate law covers
Generally, law covers multiple real estate areas. Let’s have a look at the ones enlisted below for a better idea:
1. Selling or buying a home
City, state, and federal real estate laws all administer the sale and purchase of a residential property. These rules keep the buyers from unscrupulous sellers who misrepresent property to potential buyers.
2. Land use laws
Real estate laws also define how land will be used. Whether the zone of property is residential, industrial, or commercial? Can you rezone the property to any other type? Can you develop an educational institute here? Any other such details are also handled by real estate law.
3. Land construction laws
Construction rules in real estate usually deal with the things like:
- Where construction can take place.
- The type of buildings you can build on the land.
- Building codes that new construction should meet.
Moreover, in case of any violation of construction and building codes, this law also oversees how to punish those violations.
4. Real estate financing laws
These laws oversee what mortgage buyers get for both residential and commercial properties.
5. Property taxes
Law also defines how much a property owner will pay in property tax.
6. Boundary and title disputes
These laws also administer property disputes, for example, property ownership, property boundaries, etc.
Law defines how to process a foreclosure. The process usually has different federal laws, including administrative and financial details.
8. Tenant and landlord law
Rules of renting apartments and tenants are also a part of real estate law. This category usually deals with:
- Eviction rules
- Tenant forms
- Tenant agreements
- Whether a property is inhabitable
Overall, this is a complex law area comparatively. This is the law area that every common man doesn’t consider while engaging in real estate transactions.